Princess Alice of the United Kingdom and Grand Duchess of Hesse: Daughter of Queen Victoria

Princess Alice

Princess Alice Maud Mary of the United Kingdom, Grand Duchess of Hesse was born on April 25, 1843. She was the third child and second daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.

She took care of her father when he developed Typhoid fever in 1861. Unfortunately, he died a few weeks after on December 14.

Princess Alice, Grand Duke Louis 
Princess Alice married prince Louis of Hesse who became Grand Duke of Hesse.She showed an interest in Nursing and women's affairs. Princess Alice corresponded with Florence Nightingale.

She died of diphtheria on December 14, 1878, the 17th death anniversary of her father, Prince Albert.

Earl Mountbatten
Through her eldest daughter, Victoria Alberta Elisabeth Matilda Mary, she was the grandmother of Louis Mountbatten, Earl Mountbatten of Burma, Viceroy of India. Earl Mountbatten was assassinated in 1979 by the Irish Republican Army during a boating trip.

Prince Philip

Princess Victoria's daughter, Princess Alice of Greek and Denmark, was declared by the Israeli Nation as "Righteous Among Nations" because of her life-saving efforts during World War II. She was also the mother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Queen's consort

Princess Alice's second daughter, Elisabeth Alexandra Louise Alice, took the name Yelisaveta Fyodorovna when she married Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia. Upon her widowhood opened the convent of Saints Marth and Mary. She was murdered by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Revolution. She was canonised by the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia in 1981. In 1992, after the dissolution of communism in Russia, she was declared as a New Martyr by the  Moscow Patriarchate.

Princess Alice was also the mother of Alix Victoria Helena Louise Beatrice, who was only six years old when she died. Princess Alix became Tsaritsa Alexandra Feodorovna, the last Empress of the Russian Empire when she married Tsar Nicholas II in 1894. 

The Tsar's entire immediate family were murdered in 1918 during their captivity by the Bolsheviks.

Of all the daughters of Queen Victoria, Princess Alice's inheritance of the genetic disease, haemophilia, caused great misery within her descendants.

Her youngest son, Frederick, died when he fell from a window. He was only 2 years old. Frederick suffered from Haemophilia.

Her grandsons, Princes Waldemar and Henry of Prussia, sons of her daughter Princess Irene Louise Mary Anne, also died because of the effects of haemophilia.

The greatest tragedy would be with her grandson, Tsarevich Alexei of Russia, who also suffered from the disease and was murdered together with his family in 1918.

Luckily for the present British Monarchy, no one inherited the dreaded haemophilia.